Posts Tagged ‘Mary’

Pope Francis: The Immaculate is the Fruit of the Love of God

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on December 10, 2013

Pope Francis: The Immaculate is the Fruit of the Love of God

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Syro Malabar Mass, Qurbana for the Dead

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on November 6, 2013

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Mary, Woman of the Eucharist

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on August 10, 2013

Mary, Woman of the Eucharist

Mary, Woman of the Eucharist

ദിവ്യകാരുണ്യ നാഥയായ പരിശുദ്ധ കന്യകാമറിയം

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Marian Retreat Centre, Anakkara

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on June 19, 2013

Marian Retreat Centre, Anakkara, Kumaly

Marian Retreat Centre is a Catholic Charismatic Spirituality Centre under the Syro–Malabar Diocese of Kanjirappally, Kerala, India and it is the official retreat centre of the Diocese. The Bishop and Patron of this centre is H.E. Mar Mathew Arackal. The Bishop appointed Rev. Fr. Dominic Valanmanal to start this spiritual centre at Anakkara and Rev. Fr. Dominic Valanmanal with the blessings of Bishop founded this centre on 9thFebruary, 2009. Marian Retreat Centre was started in the land of TMTM Ch Trust which, Rev. Fr. Joseph Thoonkuzhiyilhad handed over to the dioceses. When the streams of God’s grace are opened, when your hearts are drenched with Holy Spirit, it becomes Krupabhishekam – a grace anointing experience! If you need to reconnect with God – love and peace – healing and deliverance – gifts of the Holy Spirit –to know God’s plan – direction for your life – to restore your life, health and family – to solve many problems of your life – a new beginning in your life – a good confession and right conversion – Come to the Grace Anointingministry led byRev.Fr. Dominic Valanmanal. We welcome everyone to Marian Retreat Centre. Together with Mother Mary, let us walk through the path of God’s abundant love.

Contact

Marian Retreat Centre
Marian Nagar
Anakkara P.O, Idukki (Dist)
Kerala – 685512

Contact Numbers:

Office

:04868283765,   09656141917

General Enquiry

:09526022213,   09526022214

Retreat Registration

:09656141917    [10 am to 4 pm]

Grace Media Centre

:09526022217

Prayer Request

:09526022215,   09526022216

Email:

General Enquiry: mail@marianretreatcentre.org
Krupa Vision & Grace Media Centre: media@marianretreatcentre.org

Click here for Official Website

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Pope’s Statement Of Resignation (Benedict XVI) February 11, 2013

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on February 11, 2013

Full text of Pope’s February 11th Declaration to the College of Cardinals

Dear Brothers,

I have convoked you to this Consistory, not only for the three canonizations, but also to communicate to you a decision of great importance for the life of the Church. After having repeatedly examined my conscience before God, I have come to the certainty that my strengths, due to an advanced age, are no longer suited to an adequate exercise of the Petrine ministry. I am well aware that this ministry, due to its essential spiritual nature, must be carried out not only with words and deeds, but no less with prayer and suffering. However, in today’s world, subject to so many rapid changes and shaken by questions of deep relevance for the life of faith, in order to govern the bark of Saint Peter and proclaim the Gospel, both strength of mind and body are necessary, strength which in the last few months, has deteriorated in me to the extent that I have had to recognize my incapacity to adequately fulfill the ministry entrusted to me. For this reason, and well aware of the seriousness of this act, with full freedom I declare that I renounce the ministry of Bishop of Rome, Successor of Saint Peter, entrusted to me by the Cardinals on 19 April 2005, in such a way, that as from 28 February 2013, at 20:00 hours, the See of Rome, the See of Saint Peter, will be vacant and a Conclave to elect the new Supreme Pontiff will have to be convoked by those whose competence it is.

Dear Brothers, I thank you most sincerely for all the love and work with which you have supported me in my ministry and I ask pardon for all my defects. And now, let us entrust the Holy Church to the care of Our Supreme Pastor, Our Lord Jesus Christ, and implore his holy Mother Mary, so that she may assist the Cardinal Fathers with her maternal solicitude, in electing a new Supreme Pontiff. With regard to myself, I wish to also devotedly serve the Holy Church of God in the future through a life dedicated to prayer.

From the Vatican, 10 February 2013
 
BENEDICTUS PP XVI

Pope Benedict XVI

Pope Benedict XVI announces resignation

I have lacked this strength these past months and I have been obliged to admit my incapacity to properly govern the ministry confided to me, the Pope said.

Pope Benedict XVI, in a historic speech pronounced at the Vatican on Monday said he had decided to resign. This is the first time a Pope has decided to step down in 600 years. He said he was resigning in “full freedom” and would devote the rest of his life to prayer. The Pope said he no longer had “the strength of body or mind” to “fully serve the Petrine Ministry.

 Pope Benedict XVI, formerly known as Cardinal Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger before he assumed Pontifical office on 19 April 2005, made the declaration in Latin, during a consistory in the Vatican.

 The Holy See’s spokesperson, Father Federico Lombardi said the resignation would go into effect at the end of the month. “The Pope has announced he will give up his ministry at 8 pm on the 28th of February. That is when the period known as “sede vacante” or the Empty Chair will commence”. The next Pope will be elected before Easter which this year falls on March 31. The voting could well begin during Holy Week which begins on March 24.

 In his speech, later relayed by Vatican Radio, the 85-year-old Pontiff explained that he had decided to step down “after having examined my conscience before God several times. I am convinced that my strength, given my advanced age, no longer allows me to fully exercise my ministry. In the present world, prey to constant change, the vigour of mind and body are also necessary to navigate Saint Peter’s boat and advance the Faith. I have lacked this strength these past months and I have been obliged to admit my incapacity to properly govern the ministry confided to me.”

 Shock waves rippled across the world at this completely surprising, unexpected and unprecedented announcement. Believers flocked to the Vatican and to churches and cathedrals in most major cities in Europe. At the Notre Dame cathedral in Paris many faithful Catholics openly wept.

 The Pope has been a figure of controversy for his extremely orthodox views and for the cover up of several sex abuse scandals by priests of the Catholic faith. One of his harshest critics, the Swiss Cardinal Hans Kung, said he hoped the outgoing Pope will not attempt to influence the choice of his successor. “During his time in office he has ordained so many conservative cardinals, that amongst them is hardly a single person to be found who could lead the church out of its multifaceted crisis,” Cardinal Kung said.

 Pope Benedict XVI is the first German to be elected Pope since the eleventh century. On 16 April he will turn 86. Born to a modest and deeply Catholic Bavarian family, he entered the seminary in 1939, the year he joined Hitler’s youth movement – obligatory at the time. Known to be an eminent theologian, he was Archbishop of Munich and Freising in Germany’s most wealthy and eminently Catholic Bavaria from 1977 to 1981. Pope John Paul II called him to Rome to head the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith. His conservative views had earned him the nickname of “Pope John Paul II’s Rotweiler”.

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Athirampuzha Church

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on January 24, 2013

The Church traces its existence back to 835 AD

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St. Mary’s Forane Church, Athirampuzha

The forane church of Athirampuzha, a world renowned pilgrim centre of St.Sebastian is dedicated to Blessed Virgin Mary.This church about 10Kms away from kottayam has been the hub of Christian life in and around central kerala from early 9th century. This is one of the biggest parishes of the Archeparchy of Changanassery. It consists of almost 2500 families and the total number of the faithful exceeds 10000.

Athirampuzha church must trace back her history to the Ettonnussery Illam which was the power centre of the local kingdom. It is said that the Namboodiri of this Illam donated the land to build a church in the name of blessed virgin Mary as a token of gratitude on the Miraculous birth of his son. The Church was blessed on August 15th 835 AD. Gradually it became an independent church and later was elevated to the status of a forane in 1929. The church also witnessed many historical events like the historic journey of Mar Abraham Karivatti and paremakkal Thoma Kathanar to Rome, the All India Eucharistic congress-the first and the last of its kind in Kerala conducted from 8 th to 15th May 1929.

The Church is an exemplary specimen of ancient architecture. There were ancient stones with engravings and Thaliyollas in ‘Nanam Moonam’ alphabet kept in the church. Here there is a good collection of objects of historic, Artistic, Archival, Archaeological and anthropological interest in granite, wood, metal ,ivory, including Granite cross, Altar, Bells, Articles used in holy Qurbana …etc.

Valiyapally

The present church was constructed during the time of Fr.Joseph Ithiparambil. The renovation began in 1962 and was consecrated by Mar Mathew Kavukattu, the Archbishop of Changanachery in 1966. The church, brilliantly enshrining the western architecture, in 180 feet tall and 55 feet wide. The ‘madbaha and Roopakoodu’ were build in Portuguese style. The intricate altar engraving, the awesome gothic structure, the three huge glockenspiels in the belfry, the well known Kalkurish and the renowned feast of St.Sebastian with all its traditional ethos and the magnificent pyrotechnics- all these adorn the church and its elegance.

Cheriyapally

The Cheriapally(Little or small church) is situated in the location where the first church was built and blessed in AD 835.It was renovated to the present form by Fr.Thomas Olakkapady and was blessed by his Excellency Kurialacherry Mar Thoma on January 22nd, 1919. Cheriapally is situated 200 meters away from the Valiapally. The Church is known in the name of St.Sebastian. Meeting the demands of the time, recently the church was renovated by very Rev. Dr. Mani puthiyidom.

The Church has two main feasts: the feast of St.Mary and the feast of St.Sebastian

The church dedicated to blessed virgin Mary Celebrates her feast on 3rd Sunday of September. This Festal celebration is commonly called as Kannimasa Perunal / naragana Perunal. The members of Darsans Samooham (a pious association) plays a major role in this feast. They participate in their special costumes in the mass and Procession.

As per the record, the feast of st.sebastian was started at Athirampuzha church from the year 1647.Now the principal festal week in from 19th to 26th of January every year. The flag hoisting ceremony marking the beginning of the festival is on 19th.The annual feast attracts a large no. of devotees from all over south India. The statue of St.Sebastian installed here is considered very ancient. During the days of the Portuguese, three figures were brought to kerala. Legend says that the smallest of them has brought to Athirampuzha by local traders. This is known as ‘Adiyelpicha Roopam’ (the Tortured Figure). The statue of St.Sebastian in Athirampuzha is unique as it is the only statue of the saint without arrowation is very attractive.

St Sebastian

St. Sebastian’s statue is exposed for public veneration only during the feastal season. The dazzling display of fireworks in connection with the festival is a colorful visual treat. The procession is a spiritual ablu for the devotees. Band set including school bands, flags, gold-brass-silver wooden crosses, allavattom, venchamaram, Thazahakkuda, theevetti and beaded ornate umbrellas etc make the procession very gorgeous and regal. Ettamidam extends the celebration for eight more days. The Festival comes to an end by February 1.

Contact

St.Mary’s Forane Church

Athirampuzha

Kottayam – 686562

Phone : 0481 2730 742, 0481 2730 559, 0481 2730 159

Email : athirampuzhachurch@gmail.com

Altar

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The First Tabernacle Ministry

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on January 18, 2013

The First Tabernacle Ministry

A Pro-Life Movement of MCBS

Director: Fr Joy Thottamkara MCBS

First Tabernacle

First Tabernacle Ministry

Any one would ask what is ‘first tabernacle’?. But Question should be changed from WHAT to WHO. Who is first tabernacle? Mother Mary the woman of the Eucharist (Ecclesia De Eucharistia, Pope John Paul 2, no:53) is the First Tabernacle (Ecclesia De Eucharistia, Pope John Paul 2, no:55) . She experienced the Eucharist, the Great Miracle of Love(Mane Nobiscum Domine, Pope John Paul 2, no:30) in the following manner as seen in the , Gospel of St.Luke (St.Luke 1:26-45) and thus became the First Tabernacle and the Mother of Life.

Pro-Life Movement

“Human rights are not a privilege conferred by government; they are every human being’s entitlement by virtue of his humanity. Theright to life does not depend, and must not be contingent, on the pleasure of anyone else, not even a parent or sovereign. How canthere be too many children? That is like saying there are too many flowers.” – Mother Theresa.

“The unborn child is entitled to its right to life independently of its acceptance by its mother; this is an elementary and inalienable right which emanates from the dignity of the human being.” The Constitutional Court of the Federal Republic of Germany.

Without knowing this great mystery of life, men promote abortion, promote Euthanasia( “It is I who bring both death and life” (Dt 32:39): the tragedy of euthanasia, Ioannes Paulus PP. II Evangelium vitae, no: 64 ) and they forget the Gospel of Old Age. (“Special attention must be given to the elderly. While in some cultures older people remain a part of the family with an important and active role, in others the elderly are regarded as a useless burden and are left to themselves. Here the temptation to resort to euthanasia can more easily arise.

Neglect of the elderly or their outright rejection are intolerable. Their presence in the family, or at least their closeness to the family in cases where limited living space or other reasons make this impossible, is of fundamental importance in creating a climate of mutual interaction and enriching communication between the different age-groups. It is therefore important to preserve, or to re-establish where it has been lost, a sort of “covenant” between generations. In this way parents, in their later years, can receive from their children the acceptance and solidarity which they themselves gave to their children when they brought them into the world.

This is required by obedience to the divine commandment to honour one’s father and mother (cf. Ex 20:12; Lev 19:3). But there is more. The elderly are not only to be considered the object of our concern, closeness and service. They themselves have a valuable contribution to make to the Gospel of life. Thanks to the rich treasury of experiences they have acquired through the years, the elderly can and must be sources of wisdom and witnesses of hope and love.” Ioannes Paulus PP. II Evangelium vitae, no:94)

Anything against life happens because mankind is under the sin of spiritual abortion, the God of love is aborted from their hearts. They are rarely aware of this great sin. Many suffer from poverty, because they experience the poverty of love, being away from theGreat Miracle of Love . Early Christian Community is an example for this love (Acts 1:14, 2:42, 4:32,34 etc.) The patron St.Joseph would intercede for purity of heart with which we are able to see the Love of God.

“ The Gospel of life is at the heart of Jesus’ message. Lovingly received day after day by the Church, it is to be preached with dauntless fidelity as “good news” to the people of every age and culture.At the dawn of salvation, it is the Birth of a Child which is proclaimed as joyful news: “I bring you good news of a great joy which will come to all the people; for to you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, who is Christ the Lord” (Lk 2:10-11).

The source of this “great joy” is the Birth of the Saviour; but Christmas also reveals the full meaning of every human birth, and the joy which accompanies the Birth of the Messiah is thus seen to be the foundation and fulfilment of joy at every child born into the world (cf. Jn 16:21).When he presents the heart of his redemptive mission, Jesus says: “I came that they may have life, and have it abundantly” (Jn 10:10). In truth, he is referring to that “new” and “eternal” life which consists in communion with the Father, to which every person is freely called in the Son by the power of the Sanctifying Spirit. It is precisely in this “life” that all the aspects and stages of human life achieve their full significance.”( Ioannes Paulus PP. II Evangelium vitae, no:2)

“What stronger aspiration is there than that of life?” he asked. “And yet on this universal human aspiration threatening shadows are gathering — the shadow of a culture that denies the respect of life at all its stages, the shadow of an indifference that sends countless people to a destiny of hunger and underdevelopment.”(Monday October 18, 4:26 am, VATICAN CITY (AFP) – Pope John Paul II thanked well-wishers who celebrated the 26th anniversary of his election as pontiff but warned of “threatening shadows” hanging over humanity.)

“To be truly a people at the service of life we must propose these truths constantly and courageously from the very first proclamation of the Gospel, and thereafter in catechesis, in the various forms of preaching, in personal dialogue and in all educational activity. Teachers, catechists and theologians have the task of emphasizing the anthropological reasons upon which respect for every human life is based.
In this way, by making the newness of the Gospel of life shine forth, we can also help everyone discover in the light of reason and of personal experience how the Christian message fully reveals what man is and the meaning of his being and existence. We shall find important points of contact and dialogue also with nonbelievers, in our common commitment to the establishment of a new culture of life.

Faced with so many opposing points of view, and a widespread rejection of sound doctrine concerning human life, we can feel that Paul’s entreaty to Timothy is also addressed to us: ‘Preach the word, be urgent in season and out of season, convince, rebuke, and exhort, be unfailing impatience and in teaching’ (2 Tim 4:2). This exhortation should resound with special force in the hearts of those members of the Church who directly share, in different ways, in her mission as ‘teacher’ of the truth.

May it resound above all for us who are bishops: we the first ones called to be untiring preachers of the Gospel of life. We are also entrusted with the task of ensuring that the doctrine which is once again being set forth in this encyclical is faithfully handed on in its integrity. We must use appropriate means to defend the faithful from all teaching which is contrary to it.

We need to make sure that in theological faculties, seminaries and Catholic institutions sound doctrine is taught, explained and more fully investigated.[Veritatis Splendor, August 6, 1993] May Paul’ s exhortation strike a chord in all theologians, pastors, teachers and in all those responsible for catechesis and the formation of consciences. Aware of their specific role, may they never be so grievously irresponsible as to betray the truth and their own mission by proposing personal ideas contrary to the Gospel of life as faithfully presented and interpreted by the Magisterium.

In the proclamation of this Gospel, we must not fear hostility or unpopularity, and we must refuse any compromise or ambiguity which might conform us to the world’s way of thinking (cf. Rom 12:2). We must be in the world but not of the world (cf.Jn 15:19; 17:16), drawing our strength from Christ, who by his death and resurrection has overcome the world (cf. Jn 16:33).” – Pope John Paul II

For this world to experience love they should be drawn close to the Blessed Sacrament, Eucharist, the Great Miracle of Love. A human life from the first moment of conception to the last moment of death in body, and from the beginning to the endless time in soul should experience this Great Miracle of Love. For this it is a must they should be in the First Tabernacle where the Great Miracle of Love, the Blessed Sacrament has been continuously taking place.

At the first moments of conception Mother Mary visited St. Elizabeth and she called Mary, Mother of God ( St.Luke 1:43) .

Click here for the Spiritual Style of First Tabernacle Ministry

From Directors’ Chair

“I thank the Lord for the Graces showered on The First Tabernacle Ministry. How much i wish that the following wish of Church through the following is continued in perfection through the ministry

Filled with this certainty, and moved by profound concern for the destiny of every man and woman, I repeat what I said to those families who carry out their challenging mission amid so many difficulties: 135 a great prayer for life is urgently needed, a prayer which will rise up throughout the world. Through special initiatives and in daily prayer, may an impassioned plea rise to God, the Creator and lover of life, from every Christian community, from every group and association, from every family and from the heart of every believer. Jesus himself has shown us by his own example that prayer and fasting are the first and most effective weapons against the forces of evil (cf. Mt 4:1-11). As he taught his disciples, some demons cannot be driven out except in this way (cf. Mk 9:29). Let us therefore discover anew the humility and the courage to pray and fast so that power from on high will break down the walls of lies and deceit: the walls which conceal from the sight of so many of our brothers and sisters the evil of practices and laws which are hostile to life. May this same power turn their hearts to resolutions and goals inspired by the civilization of life and love ( Bl. JOANNES PAULUS PP. II EVANGELIUM VITAE No. 100).

Requesting your continued blessing-filled prayer Yours in Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament through the First Tabernacle.”

Address:-

Fr Joy Thottamkara MCBS

First Tabernacle

Millupadi

E.VELIYATHUNADU

U.C.College P.O,

Kerala, India-683102

Other Contacts:-

Click here for Official Website

Email: joykarunya@gmail.com

00918129239125

0091 484 2608620

0091 484 6455943

“COME HOLY SPIRIT COME BY MEANS OF THE POWERFUL INTERCESSION OF THE IMMACULATE HEART OF BLESSED VIRGIN MARY YOUR WELL BELOVED SPOUSE”

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Mar George Madathikandathil, Bishop of Kothamangalam മാര്‍ ജോര്‍ജ്ജ് മഠത്തിക്കണ്ടത്തില്‍

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on January 11, 2013

Mar George Madathikandathil 01

Mar George Madathikandathil, Bishop of Kothamangalam

അഭിവന്ദ്യ മാര്‍ ജോര്‍ജ്ജ് മഠത്തിക്കണ്ടത്തില്‍ പിതാവ്, കോതമംഗലം രൂപതയുടെ പുതിയ അമരക്കാരന്‍  

Mar George Madathikandathil 03 Mar George Madathikandathil 11 Mar George Madathikandathil 14 Mar George Madathikandathil 15

News: Fr George Madathikandathil is new Bishop of Kothamangalam Diocese

Fr George Madathikandathil has been appointed the new Bishop of the Diocese of Kothamangalam. He succeeds Mar George Punnakkottil, who is retiring from administrative responsibilities after 36 years of service.

The new bishop was elected at the Bishops’ Synod being held at Mount St Thomas, the head headquarters of the Syro-Malabar Church. The order appointing Fr Madathikandathil was read out by Cardinal Mar George Alancherry at a small function, which was attended by bishops, priests, nuns and leaders of Laity organisations. The appointment order was simultaneously read out at Vatican. Election  of the new Bishop has been endorsed by Pope Benedict XVI.

Fr Madathikandathil, 57, is presently serving at the St Mary’s Forane Church, Arakuzha. He had earlier served as a Rector of Major Seminary, Vadavathoor.

Born to Madathikandathil Mathew and Eliyamma, of Purapuzha, near Thodupuzha, on May 9, 1957, he joined the seminary in 1971. He was ordained by Mar George Punnakkottil in 1980.

He left for Rome for higher studies in 1984. After securing a doctorate from Oriental Institute, Rome, he returned to Kerala in 1990. Back home, after higher studies, he served as priest at Bethel parishes and a Judge at the Ecclesiastical Court of the Diocese of Kothamangalam.

He had been the parish priest at Njarakkal, teacher and Vice-Rector of the Vadavathoor seminary. He was appointed the parish priest of St Mary’s Forane Church, Arakuzha, in 2010.

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Kothamangalam Diocese , New Bishop , Fr. George Madathikandathil

The Syro-Malabar Church has named Father George Madathikandathil as the new bishop of the Kothamangalam diocese in Kerala with papal approval.

The appointment was made public in Rome on Thursday 4:30 (IST) and in Mount St. Thomas, the Sryo-Malabar Church headquarters, in Kochi.

The Synod of the Syro-Malabar Major Archiepiscopal Church selected the new bishop from a panel of names approved by the Vatican for the post.

Fr. Madathikandathil succeeds Bishop George Punnakottil, who resigned after serving the diocese for 36 years. The new bishop is the third leader of the diocese.

The consecration of the new bishop is scheduled for Feb.9.

The diocese has total Catholic population of 226,900 people. It was bifurcated to form Idukki diocese.

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Saint Joseph / St Joseph / St. Joseph

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on November 19, 2012

Saint Joseph

Saint Joseph with the Infant Jesus, Guido Reni (c. 1635)
Born Bethlehem,[1] c.90 BC[1]
Died Nazareth, July 20, 18 AD[1] (traditional)
Feast March 19 – Saint Joseph, Husband of Mary (Western Christianity), May 1 – St Joseph the Worker (Roman Catholic Church),The Sunday after the Nativity of the Lord (Eastern Christianity)
Attributes Carpenter’s square or tools, the infant Jesus, staff with lily blossoms.
Patronage The Catholic Church, unborn children, fathers, immigrants, workers, against doubt and hesitation, and of a happy death, Vietnam, Philippines. Many others; see [3].

Joseph (Hebrew יוֹסֵף, “Yosef”; Greek: Ἰωσήφ) is a figure in the Gospels, the husband of Mary the mother of Jesus and the guardian of Jesus Christ. In Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Anglican Christian traditions he is regarded as Saint Joseph.

The Pauline epistles, generally considered the earliest extant Christian records, make no reference to Jesus’ father; nor does the Gospel of Mark, generally considered the first of the gospels.[2] The first appearance of Joseph is therefore in the gospels of Matthew and Luke. Each contains a genealogy of Jesus tracing his ancestry back to King David, but the two are from different sons of David; Matthew follows the major royal line from Solomon, while Luke follows a minor line from Nathan, another son of David and Bathsheba. Consequently all the names between David and Joseph are different. According to Matthew “Jacob was the father of Joseph,” while according to Luke, Joseph, or possibly Jesus, is said to be “of Heli.” Some scholars reconcile the genealogies by viewing the Solomonic lineage as Joseph’s major royal line, and the Nathanic lineage in Luke to be Mary’s minor line.[3][4]

Matthew and Luke are also the only gospels to include the infancy narratives, and again they differ. In Luke, Joseph lives in Nazareth and travels to Bethlehem in compliance with the requirements of a Roman census. Subsequently, Jesus was born there. In Matthew, Joseph was in Bethlehem, the city of David, where Jesus is born, and then moves to Nazareth with his family after the death of Herod. Matthew is the only Gospel to include the narrative of the Massacre of the Innocents and the Flight into Egypt: following the nativity, Joseph stays in Bethlehem for an unspecified period (perhaps two years) until forced by Herod to take refuge in Egypt; on the death of Herod he brings his family back to Judea, and settles in Nazareth. After this point there is no further mention of Joseph by name, although the story of Jesus in the Temple, in Jesus’ 12th year, includes a reference to “both his parents”. Christian tradition represents Mary as a widow during the adult ministry of her son. The gospels describe Joseph as a “tekton” (τέκτων); traditionally the word has been taken to mean “carpenter”,[5] though the Greek term evokes an artisan with wood in general, or an artisan in iron or stone.[6] Very little other information on Joseph is given in the gospels, in which he never speaks.

Joseph is venerated as a saint in the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran faiths. In Catholic and other traditions, Joseph is the patron saint of workers and has several feast days. He was also declared to be the patron saint and protector of the Catholic Church by Pope Pius IX in 1870, and is the patron of several countries and regions. With the growth of Mariology, the theological field of Josephology has also grown and since the 1950s centres for studying it have been formed.[7][8]

Contents

Paul and the canonical Gospels

Holy Family with the Holy Spirit by Murillo, 1675-1682.

Joseph in the New Testament

The epistles of Paul are generally regarded as the oldest extant Christian writings. These mention Jesus’ mother (without naming her), but do not refer to his father – other than God (Romans 15:26 etc.). The oldest gospel, that of Mark, also does not mention Jesus’s father. Joseph first appears in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, generally regarded as later than Mark. Luke may name Joseph’s father as Heli, although Lightfoot, Adam Clarke and others read “of Heli” as an elipsis, saying that Mary was “of Heli.” Matthew names Joseph’s father as Jacob, which parallels the Old Testament Joseph (whose father was also named Jacob) and, according to Spong (2007), is in keeping with that gospel’s depiction of Jesus as a second Moses.[2] This theme is developed further in the infancy narratives, which, like the genealogies, have the function of establishing Jesus as the promised Messiah, the descendant of David, born in Bethlehem. If the Solomonic major royal line in Matthew is correct then Joseph’s father was named Jacob (or James), coincidentally the name given to the James (or Jacob) oldest of the four “brothers of Jesus” mentioned later in Matthew.

Like the two differing genealogies the infancy narratives appear only in Matthew and Luke, and take different approaches to reconciling the requirement that the Messiah be born in Bethlehem with the tradition that Jesus came from Nazareth. In Matthew, Joseph obeys the direction of an angel to marry Mary and then to flee to Egypt to escape the massacre of the children of Bethlehem planned by Herod the Great, the tyrant who rules Judea.[9] Once Herod has died, the angel tells him to return to Galilee instead of to Bethlehem, and so Joseph takes his wife and the child to Nazareth and settles there.[10] Thus in Matthew, the infant Jesus, like Moses, is in peril from a cruel king, like Moses he has a (fore)father named Joseph who goes down to Egypt, like the Old Testament Joseph this Joseph has a father named Jacob, and both Josephs receive important dreams foretelling their future.[2] In Luke, Joseph already lives in Nazareth, and Jesus is born in Bethlehem because Joseph and Mary have to travel there to be counted in a census. Luke’s account makes no mention of angels and dreams, the Massacre of the Innocents, or of a visit to Egypt.

The last time Joseph appears in person in any Gospel is the story of the Passover visit to the Temple in Jerusalem when Jesus is 12 years old, found only in Luke. Like the infancy narratives the story is didactic, emphasising Jesus’ awareness of his coming mission: here Jesus speaks to his parents (both of them) of “my father,” meaning God, but they fail to understand.(Luke 2:41-51).

None of the Gospels mentions Joseph as present at any event during Jesus’ adult ministry. The synoptic Gospels, however, share a scene in which the people of Nazareth, Jesus’ hometown, doubt Jesus’ status as a prophet because they know his family. In Mark 6:3, they call Jesus “Mary’s son” instead of naming his father. In Matthew, the townspeople call Jesus “the carpenter’s son,” again without naming his father, and again he has brothers named James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas (Matthew 13:53-58). In Luke 3:23 “And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was [the son] of Heli,” and Luke makes no mention of any brothers (Luke 4:16-30). In Luke the tone is positive, whereas in Mark and Matthew it is disparaging.[11] This incident does not appear at all in John, but in a parallel story the disbelieving Jews refer to “Jesus the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know” (John 6:41-51).

Joseph is not mentioned as being present at the Wedding at Cana at the beginning of Jesus’ mission, nor at the Passion at the end. If he had been present at the Crucifixion, he would under Jewish custom have been expected to take charge of Jesus’ body, but this role is instead performed by Joseph of Arimathea. Nor would Jesus have entrusted his mother to John’s care had her husband been alive.[1]

Gospel harmony

A sample Gospel harmony of the episodes of the life of Saint Joseph in the canonical Gospels, in summary form of harmonies for the four gospels.[12][13][14] See the gallery below for artistic depictions of some of these events.

Number Event Matthew Mark Luke John
1 Joseph lived in Nazareth Luke 2:4
2 Genealogy of Jesus Matthew 1:1-17 Solomon to Jacob Luke 3:23 Nathan to Heli
3 Joseph Betrothed to Mary Matthew 1:18
4 Angel visits Joseph (1st dream) Matthew 1:20-21
5 Joseph and Mary travel to Bethlehem Luke 2:8-15
6 Birth of Jesus Matthew 1:25 Luke 2:6-7
7 Temple presentation Luke 2:22-24
8 Angel tells Joseph to flee (2nd dream) Matthew 2:13
9 Flight into Egypt Matthew 2:14-15
10 Angel tells Joseph to return to Nazareth (3rd dream) Matthew 2:19-20
11 Joseph and family settle in Nazareth Matthew 2:21-23 Luke 2:39
12 Finding Jesus in the Temple Luke 2:41-51
13 Holy Family John 6:41-42

Professional life

St. Joseph the Carpenter, by Georges de La Tour, 1640s.

Jesus is identified in the Gospel of Matthew 13:55 as the son of a τέκτων (tekton) and the Gospel of Mark 6:3 states that Jesus was a Tektōn himself. Tekton has been traditionally translated into English as “carpenter”, but is a rather general word (from the same root that gives us “technical” and “technology”) that could cover makers of objects in various materials, even builders.[15] But the specific association with woodworking is a constant in Early Christian tradition; Justin Martyr (d. ca. 165) wrote that Jesus made yokes and ploughs, and there are similar early references.[16]

John Dominic Crossan puts tekton into a historical context more resembling an itinerant worker than an established artisan, emphasizing his marginality in a population in which a peasant who owns land could become quite prosperous. Other scholars have argued that tekton could equally mean a highly-skilled craftsman in wood or the more prestigious metal, perhaps running a workshop with several employees, and noted sources recording the shortage of skilled artisans at the time.[17] Geza Vermes has stated that the terms ‘carpenter’ and ‘son of a carpenter’ are used in the Jewish Talmud to signify a very learned man, and he suggests that a description of Joseph as ‘naggar’ (a carpenter) could indicate that he was considered wise and highly literate in the Torah.[18]

At the time of Joseph, Nazareth was an obscure village in Galilee, about 65 km from the Holy City of Jerusalem, which is barely mentioned in surviving non-Christian texts and documents.[2][19][20][21][22] Archaeology over most of the site is made impossible by subsequent building, but from what has been excavated and tombs in the area around the village, it is estimated that the population was at most about 400.[23] It was, however, only about 6 kilometres from the city of Tzippori (ancient “Sepphoris”), which was destroyed by the Romans in 4BC, and thereafter was expensively rebuilt. Analysis of the landscape and other evidence suggest that in Joseph’s lifetime Nazareth was “oriented towards” the nearby city,[24] which had an overwhelmingly Jewish population although with many signs of Hellenization,[25] and historians have speculated that Joseph and later Jesus too might have traveled daily to work on the rebuilding. Specifically the large theatre in the city has been suggested, although this has aroused much controversy over dating and other issues.[26] Other scholars see Joseph and Jesus as the general village craftsmen, working in wood, stone and metal on a wide variety of jobs.[27]

Modern appraisal

The name of Joseph is found almost exclusively in the genealogies and the infancy narratives.[28][29] The variances between the genealogies given in Matthew and Luke are explained on the basis that Matthew’s genealogy traces his legal descent, according to Jewish law, through St. Joseph; while Luke’s genealogy traces his actual physical descent through Mary.

Modern positions on the question of the relationship between Joseph and the Virgin Mary vary. The Eastern Orthodox Church, which names Joseph’s first wife as Salome, holds that Joseph was a widower and merely betrothed, but never married, to Mary,[30] and that references to Jesus’ “brothers” are to children of Joseph and Salome. The position of the Catholic Church, derived from the writings of Saint Jerome, is that Joseph was the husband of Mary, but that references to Jesus’ “brothers” should be understood to mean cousins or step-brothers. In both cases, the church doctrine of the Perpetual Virginity means that Joseph and Mary never had sexual relations. The Protestant churches, following the tenet of Virgin Birth but not that of Perpetual Virginity, hold no strong views on the subject.[31]

Later apocryphal writings

The canonical gospels created a problem: they stated clearly that Mary was a virgin when she conceived Jesus, and that Joseph was not his father; yet Joseph’s paternity was essential to establish Jesus’ Davidic descent, and he and Mary were so much husband and wife that only divorce could dissolve their union (Matthew 1:19).[32] The theological situation was complicated by the gospel references to Jesus’ “brothers and sisters” (repeated in Paul, where James is called the “brother of Christ”), and by the fact that he was described unambiguously by John and Mark as “Joseph’s son” and “the carpenter’s son.”[32] From the 2nd century to the 5th writers tried to explain how Jesus could be simultaneously the “son of God” as well as the “son of Joseph”.[32]

The first to offer a solution was the apocryphal Protoevangelium of James, written about 150 AD. The original gospels never refer to Joseph’s age, but James presents him as an old man chosen by lot (i.e., by God) to watch over the Virgin. Jesus’ brothers are presented as Joseph’s children by an earlier marriage, and his years and righteousness explain why he has not yet had sex with his wife: “I received her by lot as my wife, and she is not yet my wife, but she has conceived by the Holy Spirit.”[33]

The Protoevangelium was extremely popular, but it leaves open the possibility that Joseph might have had relations with Mary after the birth of Jesus (“she is not yet my wife…”). A few centuries later the developing doctrine that Mary was a virgin not only at the time of the conception and birth of Christ, but throughout her life, meant that this possibility had to be excluded. The apocryphal History of Joseph the Carpenter, written in the 5th century and framed as a biography of Joseph dictated by Jesus, describes how Joseph, aged 90 (the Protoevangelium had not given Joseph a specific age), a widower with four sons and two daughters, is given charge of the twelve year old Mary, who then lives in his household raising his youngest son James the Less (the supposed author of the Protoevengelium) until she is ready to be married at age 14½. Joseph’s death at the age of 111, attended by angels and asserting the perpetual virginity of Mary, takes up approximately half the story.[34]

Sainthood

Main articles: Holy Family and Josephology
A series of articles on
JosephologyGuido Reni 042.jpg
General articles
St. JosephHoly FamilySaint Joseph’s Day
Prayers & Devotions
PrayerNovenaChapletScapularCord
Organizations
Sisters of St. JosephJosephite FathersOblates of St. Joseph
Papal Documents
Redemptoris CustosQuamquam Pluries

Together with the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus Joseph is one of the three members of the Holy Family; since he only appears in the birth narratives of the Gospels, Jesus is depicted as a child when with him. The formal veneration of the Holy Family began in the 17th century by Mgr François de Laval.

Pope Pius IX proclaimed Saint Joseph the patron of the Universal Church in 1870, the unofficial patron against doubt and hesitation, as well as the patron saint of fighting communism, and of a happy death[citation needed]. Having died in the “arms of Jesus and Mary” according to Catholic tradition, he is considered the model of the pious believer who receives grace at the moment of death, and prays especially for families, fathers, expectant mothers (pregnant women), travelers, immigrants, house sellers and buyers, craftsmen, engineers, and working people in general.

The earliest records of a formal devotional following for Saint Joseph date to the year 800 and references to him as nutritor Domini (educator/guardian of the Lord) began to appear in the 9th century, and continued growing to the 14th century.[35][36][37] Saint Thomas Aquinas discussed the necessity of the presence of Saint Joseph in the plan of the Incarnation for if Mary had not been married, the Jews would have stoned her and that in his youth Jesus needed the care and protection of a human father.[38][39]

In the 15th century major steps were taken by Saint Bernardine of Siena, Pierre d’Ailly and Jean Gerson.[35] Gerson wrote Consideration sur Saint Joseph and preached sermons on Saint Joseph at the Council of Constance.[40] In 1889 Pope Leo XIII issued the encyclical Quamquam Pluries in which he urged Catholics to pray to Saint Joseph, as the patron of the Church in view of the challenges facing the Church.[41]

Josephology, the study of the theology of Saint Joseph, is one of the most recent theological disciplines.[42] In 1989, on the occasion of the centenary of Quamquam Pluries Pope John Paul II issued Redemptoris Custos, i.e. Guardian of the Redeemer which presented Saint Joseph’s role in the plan of redemption, as part of the “redemption documents” issued by John Paul II such as Redemptoris Mater to which it refers.[43][44][45][46]

Feast days

Main article: Saint Joseph’s Day

Holy Family by Raphael, 1506.

March 19, Saint Joseph’s Day, has been the principal feast day of Saint Joseph in Western Christianity,[47][48] since the tenth century, and is celebrated by Catholics, Anglicans, many Lutherans and other denominations.[49] In Eastern Orthodoxy, the feast day of Saint Joseph is celebrated on the First Sunday after the Nativity of Christ.

In 1870, Pope Pius IX declared Joseph patron of the universal Church and instituted another feast, with an octave, to be held in his honour on Wednesday in the second week after Easter. This was abolished by Pope Pius XII, when in 1955 he established the Feast of “St. Joseph the Worker”, to be celebrated on 1 May. This date counteracts May Day, a union, workers and socialists holiday and reflects Joseph’s status as what many Catholics and other Christians consider the “patron of workers” and “model of workers.” Catholic and other Christian teachings and stories about or relating to Joseph and the Holy Family frequently stress his patience, persistence, and hard work as admirable qualities which believers should adopt.

Pope John XXIII added the name of Joseph to the Canon of the Mass. The 19 March feast is a solemnity and is transferred to another date if impeded (for instance, if it falls on a Sunday, which must fall in Lent). The 1 May celebration is an optional memorial, and so is omitted if impeded. (However, the 1 May celebration is 1st class in the Tridentine calendar, so in it St. Joseph the Worker was celebrated on 2 May in 2008 because 1 May was Ascension Thursday and in 2011 because 1 May was in the Easter octave.)

Places, churches and Institutions

Many cities, towns, and locations are named after Saint Joseph. According to the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, the Spanish form, San Jose, is the most common place name in the world. Probably the most-recognized San Joses are San José, Costa Rica, and San Jose, California, United States, given their name by Spanish colonists. Joseph is the patron saint of the New World; of the countries China, Canada, Korea, Mexico, Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Peru, Vietnam; of the regions Carinthia, Styria, Tyrol, Sicily; and of several main cities and dioceses.

Many churches, monasteries and other institutions are dedicated to Saint Joseph. Saint Joseph’s Oratory is the largest church in Canada, with the largest dome of its kind in the world after that of Saint Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Elsewhere in the world churches named after the saint may be known as those of San Giuseppe, e.g. San Giuseppe dei Teatini, San José, e.g. Metropolitan Cathedral of San José or São José, e.g. in Porto Alegre, Brazil.

The Sisters of St. Joseph were founded as an order in 1650 and have about 14,000 members worldwide. In 1871, the Josephite Fathers of the Roman Catholic Church were created under the patronage of Joseph, intending to work with the poor. The first Josephites in America re-devoted their part of the Order to ministry within the newly-emancipated African American community. The Oblates of St. Joseph were founded in 1878 by St. Joseph Marello. In 1999 their Shrine of Saint Joseph the Guardian of the Redeemer was named after the Apostolic exhortation Redemptoris Custos.[50]

Prayers and devotions

Altar of St. Joseph, Billafingen, Germany.

In the Eastern Orthodox Church, during the feast day of Saint Joseph the following hymn is chanted:

Verily, Joseph the betrothed, saw clearly in his old age that the foresayings of the Prophets had
been fulfilled openly; for he was given an odd earnest,
receiving inspiration from the angels,
who cried, Glory to God; for he hath bestowed peace on earth.

In the Catholic tradition, just as there are prayers for the Seven Joys of Mary and Seven Sorrows of Mary, so there are also prayers for the seven joys and seven sorrows of Saint Joseph; these include prayers for daily protection, vocation, happy marriage, happy death, and hopeless cases;[51] specific prayers, novenas and devotions include the Prayer to Saint Joseph and the Novena to Saint Joseph.[52] St. Francis de Sales included Saint Joseph along with Virgin Mary as saints to be invoked during prayers in his Introduction to the Devout Life,[53] Saint Teresa of Avila attributed her recovery of health to Saint Joseph and recommended him as an advocate,[54] and Saint Therese of Lisieux stated that for a period of time, every day she prayed to “Saint Joseph, Father and Protector of Virgins…” and felt safe and protected from danger as a result,[55] and Pius X composed a prayer to Saint Joseph which begins:[56]

Glorious St. Joseph, pattern of all who are devoted to toil,
obtain for me the grace to toil, in the spirit of penance,
in order to thereby atone for my many sins…

There is a belief that planting a statue of St. Joseph on a house will help sell the house.[57] This belief is held by some theists as well as atheists, but traditional Christian teachings view it as superstition and not a devotion.[58]

In art

Nativity by Martin Schongauer (1475-80)

Up to about the 17th century Joseph tends to be depicted as a man advanced in years, with grey hair, often balding, occasionally frail and with arthritic fingers and a sharp nose, a comparatively marginal figure alongside Mary and Jesus if not entirely in the background, passive other than when leading them on their flight to Egypt. Joseph is shown mostly with a beard, not only in keeping with Jewish custom, but also because – although the Gospel accounts do not give his age – later literature tends to present him as an old man at the time of his wedding to Mary. This depiction arose to allay concerns about both the celibacy of the newly wedded couple,[59] the mention of brothers and sisters of Jesus in the canonical Gospels,[60] and Joseph’s other children spoken of in apocryphal literature – concerns discussed very frankly by Jean Gerson for example, who nonetheless favoured showing him as a younger man.[61]

In recent centuries – in step with a growing interest in Joseph’s role in Gospel exegesis – he himself has become a focal figure in representations of the Holy Family. He is now often portrayed as a younger or even youthful man (perhaps especially in Protestant depictions), whether going about his work as a carpenter, or participating actively in the daily life of Mary and Jesus as an equal and openly affectionate member.[62] Art critic Waldemar Januszczak however emphasises the preponderance of Joseph’s representation as an old man and sees this as the need, ” to explain away his impotence: indeed to symbolise it. In Guido Reni‘s Nativity, Mary is about 15, and he is about 70 – for the real love affair – is the one between the Virgin Mary and us. She is young. She is perfect. She is virginal – it is Joseph’s task to stand aside and let us desire her, religiously. It takes a particularly old, a particularly grey, a particularly kindly and a particularly feeble man to do that. It takes a Joseph. Banished in vast numbers to the backgrounds of all those gloomy stables in all those ersatz Bethlehems, his complex iconographic task is to stand aside and let his wife be worshipped by the rest of us. He is God’s cuckold. And art has no choice but to point this out – while, of course, appearing not to.” [63]

Saint Joseph sleeping, Nativity by Gentile da Fabriano

Full cycles of his life are rare in the Middle Ages, though the scenes from the Life of the Virgin or Life of Christ where he is present are far more often seen. The Mérode Altarpiece of about 1425, where he has a panel to himself, working as a carpenter, is an early example of what remained relatively rare depictions of him pursuing his métier. Some statues of Joseph depict his staff as topped with flowers, recalling the non-canonical Protoevangelion‘s account of how Mary’s spouse was chosen by collecting walking sticks of widowers in Palestine, and Joseph’s alone bursting into flower, thus identifying him as divinely chosen. Several Eastern Orthodox Nativity icons show Joseph tempted by the Devil (depicted as an old man with furled wings) to break off his betrothal, and how he resists that temptation. There are some paintings with him wearing a Jewish hat.

Gallery of life in art

In music

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Saint Joseph

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Catholic encyclopedia on Saint Joseph
  2. ^ a b c d Spong, John Shelby. Jesus for the non-religious. HarperCollins. 2007. ISBN 0-06-076207-1
  3. ^ Luke by H. A. Ironside 2007 ISBN 0-8254-2919-6 pages 73-75
  4. ^ Basic Theology by Caldwell Ryrie, 1999 ISBN 0-8024-2734-0 pages 279-280
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ Google booksJoseph, Mary, Jesus, Lucien Deiss, Liturgical Press, 1996, ISBN 0-8146-2255-0, ISBN 978-0-8146-2255-1
  7. ^ P. de Letter, “The Theology of Saint Joseph”, The Clergy Monthly, March 1955, Online at JSTOR
  8. ^ For the use of the term, see: A Thomistic Josephology by James J Davis 1967, University of Montreal, ASIN B0007K3PL4
  9. ^ Matthew 1:18-2:18
  10. ^ Matthew 2:19-23; Luke 2:39
  11. ^ Vermes, Geza “The authentic gospel of Jesus” (London, Penguin Books, 2004) Chapter 1: Narratives and commands, p. 1-37.
  12. ^ Gospels in harmony
  13. ^ Life of Jesus
  14. ^ Steven L. Cox, Kendell H Easley, 2007 Harmony of the Gospels ISBN 0-8054-9444-8
  15. ^ Dickson, 47
  16. ^ Fiensy, 68-69
  17. ^ Fiensy, 75-77
  18. ^ http://www.jstor.org/pss/1453874?cookieSet=1
  19. ^ Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why. HarperCollins, 2005. ISBN 978-0-06-073817-4
  20. ^ Crossan, John Dominic. The essential Jesus. Edison: Castle Books. 1998. “Contexts,” p 1-24.
  21. ^ Theissen, Gerd and Annette Merz. The historical Jesus: a comprehensive guide. Fortress Press. 1998. translated from German (1996 edition)
  22. ^ Sanders terms it a “minor village.” Sanders, E. P. The historical figure of Jesus. Penguin, 1993. p. 104
  23. ^ Laughlin, 192-194. See also Reed’s Chapter 3, pp. 131-134.
  24. ^ Reed, 114-117, quotation p. 115
  25. ^ Reed, Chapter 4 in general, pp. 125-131 on the Jewish nature of Sepphoris, and pp. 131-134
  26. ^ Fiensy, 74-77
  27. ^ For example, Dickson, 47
  28. ^ Vermes, Geza. The authentic gospel of Jesus. London, Penguin Books. 2004. Epilogue. p. 398-417.
  29. ^ Funk, Robert W. and the Jesus Seminar. The acts of Jesus: the search for the authentic deeds of Jesus. HarperSanFrancisco. 1998. “Birth & Infancy Stories” p. 497-526.
  30. ^ Holy Apostles Convent (1989). The Life of the Virgin Mary, the Theotokos. Buena Vista: Holy Apostles Convent and Dormition Skete. pp. 64. ISBN 0-944359-03-5.
  31. ^ See, e.g., David Brown. “Commentary on Matthew 13:56”. Commentary, Critical and Explanatory, on the Whole Bible. Retrieved 2009-01-07. “An exceedingly difficult question here arises—What were these ‘brethren’ and ‘sisters’ to Jesus? Were they, First, His full brothers and sisters? or, Secondly, Were they His step-brothers and step-sisters, children of Joseph by a former marriage? or, Thirdly, Were they cousins, according to a common way of speaking among the Jews respecting persons of collateral descent? On this subject an immense deal has been written, nor are opinions yet by any means agreed. For the second opinion there is no ground but a vague tradition, arising probably from the wish for some such explanation. The first opinion undoubtedly suits the text best in all the places where the parties are certainly referred to (Mt 12:46; and its parallels, Mr 3:31; Lu 8:19; our present passage, and its parallels, Mr 6:3; Joh 2:12; 7:3, 5, 10; Ac 1:14). But, in addition to other objections, many of the best interpreters, thinking it in the last degree improbable that our Lord, when hanging on the cross, would have committed His mother to John if He had had full brothers of His own then alive, prefer the third opinion; although, on the other hand, it is not to be doubted that our Lord might have good reasons for entrusting the guardianship of His doubly widowed mother to the beloved disciple in preference even to full brothers of His own. Thus dubiously we prefer to leave this vexed question, encompassed as it is with difficulties!”
  32. ^ a b c Everett Ferguson, Michael P. McHugh, Frederick W. Norris, “Encyclopedia of early Christianity, Volume 1”, article Joseph, p.629
  33. ^ Luigi Gambero, “Mary and the fathers of the church: the Blessed Virgin Mary in patristic thought” pp.35-41
  34. ^ “The History of Joseph the Carpenter”. Comparative Religion. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
  35. ^ a b The liturgy and time by Irénée Henri Dalmais, Aimé Georges Martimort, Pierre Jounel 1985 ISBN 0-8146-1366-7 page 143
  36. ^ Holy people of the world: a cross-cultural encyclopedia, Volume 3 by Phyllis G. Jestice 2004 ISBN 1-57607-355-6 page 446
  37. ^ Bernard of Clairvaux and the shape of monastic thought by M. B. Pranger 1997 ISBN 90-04-10055-5 page 244
  38. ^ The childhood of Christ by Thomas Aquinas, Roland Potter, 2006 ISBN 0-521-02960-0 pages 110-120
  39. ^ Aquinas on doctrine by Thomas Gerard Weinandy, John Yocum 2004 ISBN 0-567-08411-6 page 248
  40. ^ Medieval mothering by John Carmi Parsons, Bonnie Wheeler 1999 ISBN 0-8153-3665-9 page 107
  41. ^ Vatican website: Quamquam Pluries
  42. ^ Sunday Catholic Magazine October 4, 2009
  43. ^ Foundations of the Christian way of life by Jacob Prasad 2001 ISBN 88-7653-146-7 page 404
  44. ^ Vatican website: Redemptoris Custos
  45. ^ Cradle of redeeming love: the theology of the Christmas mystery by John Saward 2002 ISBN 0-89870-886-9 page 230
  46. ^ Divine likeness: toward a Trinitarian anthropology of the family by Marc Ouellet ISBN 0-8028-2833-7 page 102
  47. ^ Roman Missal
  48. ^ Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 89
  49. ^ 19 March is observed as the Feast of Saint Joseph, Guardian of Jesus, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Lutheran Church – Missouri Synod, the Wisconsin Synod, and the Evangelical Lutheran Synod. Some Protestant traditions also celebrate this festival.
  50. ^ Mention Your Request Here: The Church’s Most Powerful Novenas by Michael Dubruiel, 2000 ISBN 0-87973-341-1 page 154
  51. ^ Devotions to St. Joseph by Susanna Magdalene Flavius, 2008 ISBN 1-4357-0948-9 pages 5-15
  52. ^ Favorite Prayers to St. Joseph Tan Books, ISBN 978-0-89555-446-8
  53. ^ Introduction to the Devout Life by St. Francis de Sales ISBN 0-7661-0074-X Kessinger Press 1942 page 297
  54. ^ The interior castle by Saint Teresa of Avila, Paulist Press 1979, ISBN 0-8091-2254-5 page 2
  55. ^ The Story of a Soul by Saint Therese De Lisieux Bibliolife 2008 0554261588 page 94
  56. ^ Ann Ball, 2003 Encyclopedia of Catholic Devotions and Practices ISBN 0-87973-910-X page 449
  57. ^ Applebome, Peter (2009-09-16). “St. Joseph, Superagent in Real Estate”. New York Times. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
  58. ^ Saint Joseph: His Life and His Role in the Church Today by Louise Bourassa Perrotta 2000 ISBN 0-87973-573-2 page 130
  59. ^ cf. Mt 1:25a
  60. ^ cf. Matthew 12:46-50, Mark 3:31-35, Luke 8:19-21; Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3; cf. section above
  61. ^ Shapiro:6-7
  62. ^ Finding St. Joseph by Sandra Miesel gives a useful account of the changing views of Joseph in art and generally in Catholicism
  63. ^ Waldemar Januszczak, No ordinary Joe, The Sunday Times, December 2003 [2]

References

Saint Joseph (Mariahilfer Kirche, Vienna, Austria)

Further reading

  • Guardian of the Redeemer (Redemptoris Custos) by Pope John Paul II, St. Paul Books and Media (January 1, 1989) ASIN: B002AQ5E08

External links

Preceded by
Heli
Ancestry of Jesus – Father of Jesus Succeeded by
Jesus

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REV FR ROY MULAKUPADOM MCBS (1976-2011)

Posted by Fr Nelson MCBS on October 15, 2012

REV FR ROY MULAKUPADOM MCBS (1976-2011)

“I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats of this bread will live forever” Jn 6, 51.

Born – 13th May 1976 at Veroor, Changanassery.

Parents – Chacko Varghese and Thresiamma

Baptism – 23rd May 1976

Confirmation-  4th May 1985

STUDIES

Primary SchoolSt Mary’s LP School, Veroor (1980-1984)

High School – St Berchmans, Changanassery (1984-1990)

Ecclesial Studies – Kurichi, Changanassery (1990-1992)

Pre Degree – SB College, Changanassery (1992-1994)

Degree – SB College, Changanassery (1994-1997)

MCBS

Minor Seminary – Lisieux, Athirampuzha (1997-1999)

Novitiate – MCBS Novitiate House, Kanjirappally (1999-2000)

First Profession – 31st May 2000

Philosophy – Jeevalaya Institute of Philosophy, Bangalore (2000-2003)

Theology – Mary Matha Major Seminary, Thrissur (2003-2006)

Final Profession – 7th May 2005

Priestly Ordination – 28th December 2006 by Mar Joseph Powathil

MINISTRIES

Assistant Parish Priest – Little Flower Church, Kaduvakulam (2007)

Parish Priest – St Antony’s Church, Anikad, Changanassery (2008)

Procurator – Divya Karunya Maria Bhavan, Mallappally (2008)

Director – Karunya Nikethan, Chengalur (2009)

Procurator – Blessed Sacrament Ashram, Karimpany (2010)

Superior – Lisieux Boys’ Town, Anappara (2011)

Demise – 23rd October 2011

REV FR ROY MULAKUPADOM MCBS (1976-2011)

A man of austerity, spirituality and integrity.

A Catholic with deep faith and devotion to the Most Holy Eucharist.

A dedicated religious who enthusiastically lived the evangelical vows.

A holy priest with vision and mission.

An ardent missionary filled with passion and compassion.

An excellent youth animator who searched for the lost, the last and the least.

A zealous retreat preacher who saved many a soul.

A grand shepherd who immolated himself to give life to many.

A great philanthropist who cared the abandoned and oppressed.

A sage who did everything for the greater glory of God.

A burning and shining lamp who illumined all those who came to him.

A prophet who raised questions even against rulers and elders.

An intercessor who prayed and fasted for many.

A saint who will continue his blessings from heaven.

“Come, you that are blessed by my Father

Inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.

For I was hungry and you gave me food.

I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink.

I was a stranger and you welcomed me.

I was naked and you gave me clothing.

I was sick and you took care of me.

I was in prison and you visited me.

Just as you did it to one of the least of these

who are members of my family,

you did it to me” Mt 25, 34-40

Click here for His Biographical Sketch

Rev Fr Roy Mulakupadom MCBS – A Portrait

Video Clips of the Funeral

Condolence Message by Mar George Alenchery, Major Archbishop

റവ.ഫാ .റോയ് മുളകുപ്പാടം – മുന്‍പേ പറന്ന പക്ഷി

പാടി പ്പറന്നു നീ പോകയാണോ
പാതി മുറിഞ്ഞൊരു പാട്ടുമായ്?
പാറിപ്പറന്നു നീ പോകയാണോ
പാതി മുറിഞ്ഞൊരു വാക്കുമായു?

മൂന്നര പതിറ്റാണ്ട് മൂളിയ വാക്കുകള്‍
മനസ്സിലെ സല്‍ക്കാര മുറിയില്‍
വിളിച്ചിരുത്തി വിളമ്പിയ
സ്നേഹത്തിന്‍ വിരുന്നുകള്‍ !!

ഓര്‍മ്മ പ്പുസ്തക ത്താളില്‍ നീ വരച്ചിട്ട
ക്രിസ്തുവിന്‍ നിറമുള്ള ചിത്രങ്ങള്‍!

പാദം പതിഞ്ഞ പൂഴിയിലൊക്കെയും
നീ പതിപ്പിച്ച പരലോക പാതകള്‍!

നീ മൊഴിഞ്ഞ വാക്കുകള്‍ സ്നാപക സ്മരണകള്‍
നിന്റെ സാന്നിധ്യം വാടാസൌഗന്ധികം !
അഞ്ചുകൊല്ലം കൊണ്ട് നീ ചെയ്ത കര്‍മ്മങ്ങള്‍
ഒരായുസ്സില്‍ തീരാത്ത ചെയ്തികള്‍ !

പാടി ത്തീരാത്ത പാട്ടുമായ് പോകവേ പക്ഷീ,
പാടുന്നു ഞങ്ങള്‍ നീ പാടിപ്പകര്‍ന്ന പാട്ടുകള്‍
പാടി ത്തീരാത്ത പാട്ടുമായ് പോകവേ പക്ഷീ,
പാടുന്നു ഞങ്ങള്‍ നീ പാടിപ്പകര്‍ന്ന വാക്കുകള്‍

പോവുക പക്ഷീ നീ, മുന്‍പേ പോവുക
പിന്‍പേ വരും പക്ഷികള്‍ക്കും
പറക്കാന്‍ പ്രാണനേകുക!!!!!
പോവുക പക്ഷീ നീ, മുന്‍പേ പോവുക
പിന്‍പേ വരും ഞങ്ങള്‍ക്കും
പറക്കാന്‍ പ്രാണനേകുക!!!!!

– മിഖാസ് കൂട്ടുങ്കല്‍

Click here to Download the Audio File of the Poem

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